LONDON: Eating a Mediterranean-type diet - rich in fruit, vegetables, nuts, unrefined cereals, olive oil, and fish - could reduce bone loss in people with osteoporosis, a study claims.
The study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is the first long-term, pan-European clinical trial looking at the impact of a Mediterranean diet on bone health in older adults.
"This is a particularly sensitive area for osteoporosis as loss of bone in the femoral neck is often the cause o
Boston, July 11
Living in dormitories without air-conditioning (AC) during a heat wave can lower students’ ability to focus, harm their working memory and increase reaction times, a Harvard study has found.
The field study, the first to demonstrate the detrimental cognitive effects of indoor temperatures during a heat wave in a group of young healthy individuals, highlights the need for sustainable design solutions in mitigating the health impacts of extreme heat.
“Most of the resea
Symptoms of depression and anxiety are present in about one-third of patients with heart failure and these patients are at a higher risk of progressive heart diseases and other adverse outcomes, a new study suggests.
The study, published in the journal Harvard Review of Psychiatry, found evidence confirming "markedly higher" rates of depression and anxiety disorders among patients with heart failure, compared to the general population.
Heart failure is a chronic, progressive c
WASHINGTON DC: Oxygen therapy can help in fighting dementia in individuals with lung disease, according to a study.
The research aimed to establish the effect of supplying additional oxygen on both blood flow to the brain and blood vessel function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients.
The researchers used ultrasound to view and measure blood flow in the brain in these patients at rest, before and during delivery of this additional oxygen. The oxygen was delivered through the
TORONTO: Clocking over 45 working hours in a week can increase the risk of diabetes in women, a study has found.
The study, published in the journal BMJ Diabetes Research & Care, showed that no such heightened risk was found among women working 30 to 40 hours a week, prompting researchers to suggest that sticking to this total might help curb the risk of the disease.
Global estimates indicate that 439 million adults will be living with diabetes by 2030 - an increase of 50 per cent on the fig
US researchers have developed an experimental drug that potentially slows down the progression of Parkinson's disease as well as its symptoms.
In experiments performed with cultures of human brain cells and live mouse models, researchers from the Johns Hopkins University in Maryland reported that the drug blocked the degradation of brain cells that is the hallmark of Parkinson's disease.
"It is amazingly protective of target nerve cells," said Ted Dawson, Professor at the Uni
According to a new research, a low-dose aspirin regimen may represent a new avenue for reducing Alzheimer's disease pathology.
A study conducted by Society for Neuroscience stated that impaired clearance of toxic amyloid beta, especially from the hippocampus, is a leading mechanism.
Activating the cellular machinery responsible for removing waste from the brain has therefore emerged as a promising strategy for slowing the disease.
Alzheimer's disease is a fatal form of dementia that a
New Delhi, July 3
An international team of scientists is set to study the causes behind life-threatening sepsis and drug-resistant infections in babies in many countries, including India, in an effort to combat infant mortality.
Over 80 researchers from 11 countries met in New Delhi to kick off a study that is part of the Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership's (GARDP's) broader programme to develop new and improved antibiotic treatments for newborns.
While significant progress
LONDON: Malt was produced for beer brewing as early as the Iron Age in Sweden, say scientists who have found possible evidence indicating a large-scale production of beer, possibly for feasting and trade in the region.
Archaeologists have found carbonised germinated grains in Uppakra in southern Sweden.
"We found carbonised malt in an area with low-temperature ovens located in a separate part of the settlement. The findings are from the 400-600s, making them one of the earliest evidence of
Washington, June 18
'Helicopter parenting' — which describes an overcontrolling behaviour of parents — can negatively affect children's ability to manage their emotions and deal with the challenging demands of growing up, a study has found.
Children need space to learn and grow on their own, without parents hovering over them, researchers said in a study published in the journal Developmental Psychology.
"Our research showed that children with helicopter parents may be less a
Berlin, June 17
Foods that are rich in both fats and carbohydrates have a particularly strong influence on our brain's reward system, say scientists who explain why we cannot keep our hands off unhealthy junk foods like french fries and candy bars.
Both fatty and carbohydrate-rich foods activate the reward system in the brain, albeit via different signalling pathways. When carbohydrates and fats come together in the food, this effect is intensified.
In nature, there are no foods that contain a h
Toronto, June 17
Obesity in women and smoking among men could be major factors behind not achieving remission in rheumatoid arthritis, despite early treatment, researchers say.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects a person's joints, causing pain and disability and can also affect internal organs.
The study showed that though early identification and aggressive treatment improve arthritis outcomes, 6 per cent of women and 38 per cent of men did not achieve remission
Los Angeles, June 14
Teenage girls who regularly binge drink may fail to reach their peak bone mass, according to a study.
Published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, the study of 87 college women found that those who regularly binge drank in high school had lower bone mass in the spine.
The findings suggest that poorer bone health can be added to the list of binge drinking risks for young women, said Joseph LaBrie, a professor at Loyola Marymount University in the US.
There are we
Washington, June 11
Injecting fat pockets with carbon dioxide gas may help reduce belly fat, scientists have found.
"Carboxytherapy could potentially be a new and effective means of fat reduction. It still needs to be optimised, though, so it's long lasting," said Murad Alam, from Northwestern University in the US.
The new technique's benefits are that it is a "safe, inexpensive gas, and injecting it into fat pockets may be preferred by patients who like natural treatments,&